ITALY, THE EUROPEAN LAB by Leonardo Manzari

The tense phase of the formation of the new government has reached the first important step, the appointment of the PM. 80 days, if we consider the new political scenario – a real re-shake for Italian politics – is a reasonable timing, also in comparison with Germany (6 months for the latest version of the Grosse Koalition), Belgium (1,5 year), Spain (10 months).

Nevertheless all EU top political leaders and some national leaders, French President Macron, Germany’s Chancellor Merkel have not lost the occasion to remark that the Italian situation is worrying Europe, that Italy has to keep its EU financial commitments, that they have confidence in the Italian President Mattarella (as a form of indirect pressure, as they succeded in 2011 with President Napolitano).

I have not voted neither for M5S nor for Lega, but it is quite evident here that Italians have voted for a change and their will has to be respected, also in the formation of the new coalition and government.

And President Mattarella has too deep knowledge of the Constitution and of the Italian system to divert from the results of the elections, especially after the clear demonstration of distance shown by most of EU countries towards the problem of migrants in the Mediterranean and, in general, towards the EU project when, their domestic issues are involved.

If EU citizens had not perceived till now the embarrassing limits of the political elite ruling in Brussels, it would be easy to believe these “calls” were due to the mere aim of putting Italy under pressure, as an economic and industrial rival, at the time of the global trend turnaround.

True, Italy has a complex public debt to be managed, but almost all countries (except Germany, all founder countries) show political, economic, financial, social critical points, which may represent a threat for the whole EU.

Much to Italians’ anger, none of the local politicians, nor institutional chairpersons have openly signalled to the EU authorities that the timing required to form a new government had to be patiently respected.

Unless awarding the populist parties and eurosceptics with even higher consensus.

At a deeper sight of this pressure, comes to evidence that the fear of a domino effect of populism and euroscepticism to the rest of Europe, after Brexit, is the real nightmare crossing EU east to west, south to north.

Because the only large EU founder country which “feels on its skin” – all at the same time – the eastern diffidence, like the western will of political insulation, the northern wealth combined with the tensions of local multi-ethnic societies (still far from being integrated societies), like the southern underdevelopment, the EU unfitness to properly play a balancing approach towards Africa and Middle East is Italy.

So Italy, as already many times along its incredibly rich history, really looks to be a melting pot of all tensions, like challenges that a modern and equilibrated Union has to face.

Has EU understood this of Italy? Or someone is still thinking that only one model of Europe is possible, only one way is reliable? Has EU perceived that the road towards a strong Union cannot be the erasing of all differences, but their inclusion through the sharing of the main problems?

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MP

giornalista professionista esperto di comunicazione di impegni sociali e politica estera

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